The exigencies of a strict prosody are the artifice which confers upon natural language the qualities of a resistant matter.”  During the years from 1892 to 1922, Valéry first worked as a bureaucrat in the French War Office and then as secretary to Edouard Lebey, director of the French Press Association; he attended the Tuesday evening gatherings of artists, writers, and intellectuals at the home of Mallarmé, and he married Jeannie Gobillard, a friend of Mallarmé’s daughter. Valéry’s passion for “scientific speculation,” which is how he preferred to label his metaphysical writing and that of others, was the reason for his lifelong fascination with American writer Edgar Allan Poe. As he put it in his Notebooks, “In sum, Mallarmé and I, this in common—poem is problem. Les pas. Le Bois Amical. Critics have called Valéry the last French symbolist, the first post-symbolist, a masterful classical prosodist, and an advocate of logical positivism. Paul Valéry. “There is evidence,” writes Henry Grubbs in Paul Valéry, “to show that Valéry was annoyed at the propaganda of his liberal friends ... and personally, at least at that moment, decidedly hostile to democracy. Hélène. (Author of introduction) Martin Huerlimann, photographer. In 1925, he was elected to the French Academy, and in his 1927 inaugural speech he made the unprecedented gesture of attacking his predecessor, novelist Anatole France, probably because France, as co-editor of a literary magazine, had rejected the poetry of Mallarmé. Collected Works of Paul Valery, Volume 13: Aesthetics. As Whiting explains, “Valéry planned a fourth act for ‘Lust’ which would have developed the love theme but he found the project too difficult for theatrical creation, perhaps in large part because of his own defensive attitudes. Every beginning is a coincidence; we would have to conceive it as I don’t know what sort of contact between all and nothing. Esbozo de una serpiente Helena. La Fausse Morte. Poèmes Commentés Les meilleurs rêves de la poésie Française Des Vers Inoubliables! Tidying up a little: Valéry’s crisis occurred during an October, 1892 stay in Genoa, Italy. Le Sylphe. He continued writing his Notebooks and began to publish essays—Introduction to the Method of Leonardo da Vinci (Introduction a la methode de Leonard de Vinci), and his inquiry into dreams, Studies (Etudes). Poème Le Cimetière marin. In the highly formal, mannered musicality of Valéry’s verse, the influence of Mallarmé is unmistakable. Lista completa de versos y poemas de Paul Valéry. A uniquely curated, carefully authenticated and ever-changing assortment of uncommon art, jewelry, fashion accessories, collectibles, antiques & more. In 1889 he read Joris Karl Huysmans’s novelistic manifesto of decadence, Against the Grain (A rebours), in which Mallarmé’s poem “Herodiade” is discussed admiringly, and the following year he met the young writers Pierre Louis and André Gide. Moreover, he must address himself not to a special and unique sense like hearing, which the musician bends to his will, and which is, besides, the organ par excellence of expectation and attention; but rather to a general and diffused expectation, and he does so through a language which is a very odd mixture of incoherent stimuli. ... L’Amateur de poèmes. Poems are the property of their respective owners. Paul Valéry. Among the celebrities who, along with Zola, took up Dreyfus’s case were Proust, the painter Claude Monet, and Anatole France. It represents a kind of chronicle in which the older poet seeks to recreate the intellectual crisis which led him to reject a nineteenth-century concept of poetry founded on an ethics of Symbolist idealism in favor of a poetry which claims autonomy through critical self-reference.” As before, to get a rendering as free from interpretation as possible, we feed the text into an online (machine code) translator. (Compiler and author of explanatory notes) Rene Descartes. Although Mallarmé and French poet Charles Baudelaire had celebrated the visionary qualities in Poe, Valéry most fully admired his powers of reason, as revealed through Poe’s pseudo-scientific meditation on the nature of human knowledge, “Eureka,” and through his brilliant practical logician, Auguste Dupin, the detective of “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” and “The Purloined Letter.” “Valéry’s unyielding positivism (rationalism) is thus another characteristic setting him apart from other French writers. Acontece o mesmo com o número dos amigos. We are tending toward the condition of science and aspiring to do it. Valéry’s Notebooks (Cahiers) record his conviction that the subject of a poem was far less important than its “program”: “A sort of program would consist of a gathering of words (among which conjunctives are just as important as substantives) and of types of syntactical moments, and above all a table of verbal tonalities, etc.” Mallarmé had said something very similar in “Music and Letters” (“La Musique et les lettres”): “I assert, at my own aesthetic risk ... that Music and Letters are the alternate face here widened towards the obscure; scintillating there, with certainty of a phenomenon, the only one, I have named it Idea.”  Adicionar à coleção. Moralités (1932). It was the former, editor of a small literary magazine called La Conque, who first showed Valéry’s work to Mallarmé and got several of his early poems into print, including “Narcissus Speaks.”  He has nothing but the coarse instrument of the dictionary and the grammar. Immediately, however, Faust retreats, and the apotheosis of the garden-scene comes to an end as he turns again to the dictation of his memoirs.”  bibliotheque de la pleiade, 1960, chap. This fear probably accounts more than any other factor for his emotional crisis and 20-year renunciation of poetry, since poetry, despite his attempts to purify or sterilize it, emblemized for Valéry a certain sensuality of mind. I keep what I want.’”. A work is never completed except by some accident such as weariness, satisfaction, the need to deliver, or death: for, in relation to who or what is making it, it can only be one stage in a series of inner transformations. He took up poetry again, of course, but even as an old man he would continue to be profoundly troubled by what he regarded as the unsolvable equation of love. Her father is supposed to have buried her, on a moonlit night. 0. James Lawler, probably the most prominent and reliable American critic of Valéry’s work, has, in The Poet as Analyst: Essays on Paul Valéry, convincingly explained Valéry’s interest in “Eureka”: “Quite apart from Poe’s poetics, here was a work that fascinated [Valéry] by its scientific theories, by its poetic subject ... [‘the expression of a generalized will to relativity’] and, significantly, by the form adopted, which coincides, one may say, with Valéry’s own literary practice in La Jeune Parque [The Young Fate] and Charmes [Charms] ... [‘example and enactment of the reciprocity of appropriation’].” In “Eureka” Poe described knowledge and being as part of an interconnected system: “In the original unity of the first thing lies the secondary cause of all things, with the germ of their inevitable annihilation.” From Poe’s theory Valéry extracted his own, odd fusion of the visionary and the logical, the mystical and the rational, which he however refused to admit as anything but pure science and logic. It was rather the sense of my own identity, of a sameness within vast, elusive differences.” It may be in the enduring classicism of Southern letters, passed from Tate to such contemporary Southern writers as Reynolds Price, Fred Chappell, and James Applewhite, that Valéry’s voice, through the veil of translation, can be heard most clearly today. The artist works out his own formulas; the interest of science lies in the art of making science. La mejor poesía clásica en formato de texto. Regards sur le monde actuel. Speak then, with no fear of stating every lamentable word.” [Gide to Valéry, July 25, 1892] “Here is what he said about your poems—and don’t have me poisoned: ‘I’m surprised that with the tact and knowledge of poetry he sometimes shows, he leaves, here and there, some that would seem to me facile.’ The remark surprised me. One of his last works, a two-part dramatic work called “My Faust” (“Mon Faust”), attempted to deal with the issue and was never completed. Connais le poids d’une palme Portant sa profusion! (With Paul Eluard, Renee Moutard-Uldry, Georges Blaizot, and Louis-Marie Michon), (Author of prefaces with Stephane Mallarme). Los pasos ( otra versión) . Yet although Mallarmé believed that the end product of thought had to be a poem, Valéry disagreed. Trying to think of it one finds that all beginning is a consequence—every beginning completes something.”  These views need not be contradictory. RETOUR: PERIODES: THEMES: AUTEURS: LIENS: 15eme Siècle: 16eme Siècle: 17eme Siècle: 18eme Siècle: 19eme Siècle: 20eme Siècle: Mail In an early letter to André Gide, Valéry wrote, “Poe, and I shouldn’t talk about it for I promised myself I wouldn’t, is the only writer—with no sins. à prix bas sur Rakuten. 1K likes. Personne pure, ombre divine, Date de naissance : Le 31 Octobre 1871 à Sète Date de décès : 20 Juillet 1945 à l'âge de 73 ans Tweeter; Soumettre une texte. Never was he mistaken—not led instinctively—but lucidly and successfully, he made a synthesis of all the vertigoes.”  I have burned my papers also. In his view, thought—the mirror-like refraction of the human mind—was always an end in itself; poetry was simply a more or less desirable by-product, to be pursued as long as it stimulated the mental processes. Poemes Paul Valéry - Découvrez les œuvres poétiques de Paul Valéry. Yves Bonnefoy, who held Valéry’s chair in poetry at the College de France and succeeded him as the most prominent contemporary French poet, has said in L’Improbable that Valéry had no real influence on his own poetic development. This first love probably had something to do with the intellectual and spiritual crisis of 1892 that caused him to renounce poetry for 20 years. Au Bois Dormant. Valéry died on July 20, 1945, at the close of France’s last 20th-century war with Germany, having been born at the conclusion of its last 19th-century one. This potentially self-constitutive dimension of the Album was certainly for Valéry its ultimate justification ... [Its somewhat dated tone is] the result of his intention to mount a critical engagement with his heritage, to offer a portrait gallery of predecessors whose faces emerge transfigured and transvalued according to the exigencies of a new poetics.” Thus, Nash continues, “The Album de vers anciens ... is a particularly precious and innovative poetic document, one which holds, inscribed within its structure, the poet’s interpretation of his creative confrontation with his past. Ce toit tranquille, où marchent des colombes, Entre les pins palpite, entre les tombes ; Midi le juste y compose de feux La mer, la mer, toujours recommencée ! If I knew [Gide’s friend, writer Maurice] Quillot better, I should have you poisoned. Find unreal value with everything starting at $1. Texte et poèmes de Paul Valéry. This girl, who died in Montpellier toward the end of the eighteenth century, couldn’t be buried in the cemetery, since she was a Protestant. Of an early poem on this subject, “Narcissus Speaks” (“Narcisse Parle”), he wrote (quoted in volume I of Oeuvres [Works]): “The theme of Narcissus, which I have chosen, is a sort of poetic autobiography which requires a few explanations and indications. The Graveyard by the Sea, poem by Paul Valéry, written in French as “Le Cimetière marin” and published in 1922 in the collection Charmes; ou poèmes.The poem, set in the cemetery at Sète (where Valéry himself is now buried), is a meditation on death. He criticized French novelist Marcel Proust for this very tendency, though in doing so he misread Proust. Collected Works of Paul Valery, Volume 10: History and Politics. In 1924, Variety (Variété), a collection of his essays, appeared. All information has been reproduced here for educational and informational purposes to benefit site visitors, and is provided at no charge... Paul Valéry, French poet, essayist, and critic was born in Sète, France in 1871. “Lust” allegorizes this profound conflict, never resolved by Valéry. 2. For me the name Narcissa suggested Narcissus. The dead girl’s name was Narcissa. Paul Valéry suit les « mardis de Stéphane Mallarmé, Rue de Rome », séminaire qui a lieu au domicile du poète dont il restera l’un des plus fidèles disciples. Lunatic researches are akin to unforeseen discoveries. Texte et poèmes / V / Paul Valéry. Paul Valéry. tristes lys, je languis de beauté Pour m’être désiré dans votre nudité, Et vers vous, Nymphes, Nymphes, ô Nymphes des fontaines Je viens au pur silence offrir mes larmes vaines. Valéry was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 12 different years. He attended school at the College de Sète, now renamed in his honor, and at the lycée of the nearby city of Montpellier. Paul Valéry (1871-1945) occupies a key place in French poetry, summing up the charm and technique of the nineteenth century while looking ahead to the psychological preoccupations of the twentieth.