[226], The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is an extensive passenger rail network, connecting 93 metro stations throughout the territory. City of Victoria is located at 48.4284° N, 123.3656° W at an elevation of 1811'. [3] Slightly over half the population (53.2 per cent) speaks English, the other official language;[2] 4.3 per cent are native speakers, and 48.9 per cent speak English as a second language. [251] Small-scale wind-power sources have been developed,[248] and a small number of private homes and public buildings have installed solar panels. [310] Several international publications have regional operations in Hong Kong, including The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, The New York Times International Edition, USA Today, Yomiuri Shimbun, and The Nikkei. [30] The dense space led to a developed transportation network with public transport rates exceeding 90 percent. La isla de Hong Kong (en chino tradicional: 香港島) es una isla en la zona sur de Hong Kong, China. [133], As of 2020, Hong Kong is considered a flawed democracy that is not fully representative of the population. Au sein de la mégalopole du delta de la Rivière des Perles, elle compte environ sept millions d'habitants que l'on appelle Hongkongais dont l'espérance de vie, de … The MTR operates its Light Rail system, serving the northwestern New Territories. [247] Hong Kong Tramways covers a portion of Hong Kong Island. [136][137], Ethnic minorities have marginal representation in government and often experience discrimination in housing, education, and employment. [208] Between 1961 and 1997 Hong Kong's gross domestic product increased by a factor of 180, and per capita GDP increased by a factor of 87. [61], The colony was further expanded in 1898 when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories. [60], Administrative infrastructure was quickly built by early 1842, but piracy, disease, and hostile Qing policies initially prevented the government from attracting commerce. A Hong Kong, un ménage sur dix est millionnaire et les ultra riches se comptent par centaines. [51][52] Portuguese merchants established a trading post called Tamão in Hong Kong waters and began regular trade with southern China. Capitale: Hong Kong [275] Hong Kong cinema continued to be internationally successful over the following decade with critically acclaimed dramas such as Farewell My Concubine, To Live, and Chungking Express. Hong Kong has the world's largest number of skyscrapers, with 317 towers taller than 150 metres (490 ft),[31] and the third-largest number of high-rise buildings in the world. The capital of Hong Kong is City of Victoria, which was founded 1842. It is surrounded by the South China Sea on all sides except the north, which neighbours the Guangdong city of Shenzhen along the Sham Chun River. [315], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°18′N 114°12′E / 22.3°N 114.2°E / 22.3; 114.2, Special administrative region in People's Republic of China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, Political reforms and sociopolitical issues, No specific variety of Chinese is official in the territory. [171][172], Demand for new construction has contributed to frequent demolition of older buildings, freeing space for modern high-rises. 563 likes. [214] A similar economic partnership with Macau details the liberalisation of trade between the special administrative regions. Economic and infrastructure integration with China has increased significantly since the 1978 start of market liberalisation on the mainland. The territory's 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands. [278] The genre's popularity peaked in the 1990s, when the Four Heavenly Kings dominated Asian record charts. Tiene una población de 1.268.112 habitantes y una densidad de población de 15 915 habitantes/km² (2006). The sector generates 92.7 per cent of economic output, with the public sector accounting for about 10 per cent. Mainstream culture is derived from immigrants originating from various parts of China. [173] However, many examples of European and Lingnan architecture are still found throughout the territory. Poultry and seafood are commonly sold live at wet markets, and ingredients are used as quickly as possible. [186] Headline population density of about 6,800 people/km2 does not reflect true densities since only 6.9% of land is residential, the residential average population density calculates closer to a highly cramped 100,000/km2. Hong Kong is a Dependency which comes under Chinese rule so doesn't have a formal capital city. La capitale officielle et politique du pays Hong-Kong est : <<<< Hong Kong >>>>. ' [227] With a daily ridership of over five million, the system serves 41 per cent of all public transit passengers in the city[228] and has an on-time rate of 99.9 per cent. 4. Dispu k' elle a stî rmetowe al Chine, elle a on statut di «redjon a pårt». The stones spread from Causeway Bay to Kennedy Town. ", "All aboard: Hong Kong bullet train signals high-speed integration with China", "Ingenious Flipper Bridge Melds Left-Side Drivers With Right-Side Drivers", "China makes its military more visible in Hong Kong", "Racism is rife in Hong Kong and the Equal Opportunities Commission is a toothless hamster to tackle it", "These Are the Cities With the Most Ultra-Rich People", "Going up! There are a total of 479 district council seats, 452 of which are directly elected. [59] After more than a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. [195] Despite government efforts to reduce the growing disparity,[196] median income for the top 10 per cent of earners is 44 times that of the bottom 10 per cent. [109] Hong Kong is represented in the National People's Congress by 36 deputies chosen through an electoral college, and 203 delegates in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference appointed by the central government. [218] The territory's minimal taxation, common law system, and civil service attract overseas corporations wishing to establish a presence in Asia. [260][261] Most migrants of that era fled poverty and war, reflected in the prevailing attitude toward wealth; Hongkongers tend to link self-image and decision-making to material benefits. Hong Kong, capitale de la Kétamine. Lee Lai-shan won the territory's first and only Olympic gold medal at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. The city boundaries are defined in the laws of Hong Kong as follows:[1], In 1903, the Hong Kong Government erected seven boundary stones for the city, inscribed "City Boundary 1903" at Hatton Road, Pok Fu Lam Road, Bowen Road, Old Peak Road (舊山頂道), Wong Nai Chung Road, Victoria Road/Sai Ning Street (西寧街) and Magazine Gap Road. [285][286], Hong Kong represents itself separately from mainland China, with its own sports teams in international competitions. [312] Access to media and information over the Internet is not subject to mainland Chinese regulations, including the Great Firewall. Rapid economic improvement during the 1850s attracted foreign investment, as potential stakeholders became more confident in Hong Kong's future. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty. [169], The International Commerce Centre and Two International Finance Centre are the tallest buildings in Hong Kong and among the tallest in the Asia-Pacific region. It is the central business district of Hong Kong, and many multinational financial services corporations have their headquarters in the area. [119][120], The Hong Kong Garrison of the People's Liberation Army is responsible for the region's defence. [218] The city has the second-highest number of corporate headquarters in the Asia-Pacific region. Hong Kong, officiellement la région administrative spéciale de Hong Kong de la république populaire de Chine, est la plus grande et la plus peuplée des deux régions administratives spéciales de la république populaire de Chine, l'autre étant Macao. The territory was the first market outside mainland China for renminbi-denominated bonds, and is one of the largest hubs for offshore renminbi trading. Ltd and Robert Lee Flickinger, Antiquities and Monuments Office website: "Boundary Stone, City of Victoria", Boundary of the City of Victoria as defined in Hong Kong Laws, A article on the "four wans and nine yeuks" in Chinese, Another article on "four wans and nine yeuks", A photographic panorama of the water-front and city of Victoria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Victoria,_Hong_Kong&oldid=993819330, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Dongjiang River in Guangdong supplies 70 per cent of the city's water,[253] and the remaining demand is filled by harvesting rainwater. [163] The highest and lowest recorded temperatures in all of Hong Kong are 39.0 °C (102 °F) at Wetland Park on 22 August 2017,[164] and −6.0 °C (21.2 °F) at Tai Mo Shan on 24 January 2016. Rice is the staple food, and is usually served plain with other dishes. [221] While the economy transitioned to a service basis during the 1980s,[221] late colonial governments introduced interventionist policies. We focus on Fintech and Deeptech in Europe that have the ambition and potential to scale their business in Asia. [48] [43], During the Middle Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago, the region had been widely occupied by humans. [81], Political debates after the transfer of sovereignty have centred around the region's democratic development and the central government's adherence to the "one country, two systems" principle. La domanda giusta sarebbe: com'è possibile fare un viaggio in Cina e non visitare Hong Kong? The capital city of Hong Kong is Hong Kong. [219] Hong Kong is a gateway for foreign direct investment in China, giving investors open access to mainland Chinese markets through direct links with the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges. ", "Controversial joint checkpoint plan approved for high-speed rail link as Hong Kong officials dismiss concerns over legality", "Self-centred, demanding, materialistic and arrogant: how to steer clear of the Kong Girls", "On Deck With China's Last Junk Builders, Masters of an Ebbing Craft", "To restore calm in Hong Kong, try democracy", "We must resist until China gives Hong Kong a say in our future", "What hope for the poorest? Ofrece a sus visitantes, un ambiente totalmente natural en el centro de la ciudad, que alberga una espectacular colección de plantas y algunos pequeños a… [147][148], In 2020, in a period of large-scale protests, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress passed the controversial Hong Kong national security law. Jackie Chan, Donnie Yen, Jet Li, Chow Yun-fat, and Michelle Yeoh frequently play action-oriented roles in foreign films. [114] Furthermore, in circumstances where the Standing Committee declares a state of emergency in Hong Kong, the State Council may enforce national law in the region. Un article du Figaro, en 2009, illustre l’explosion de la consommation de kétamine à Hong Kong depuis le début des années 2000 [9], mais la situation s’est tout de même stabilisée ces cinq dernières années. Thirty FC councillors are selected from limited electorates representing sectors of the economy or special interest groups,[105] and the remaining five members are nominated from sitting District Council members and selected in region-wide double direct elections. Mass-produced public-housing estates, built since the 1960s, are mainly constructed in modernist style.[180]. "Sai Wan", "Sheung Wan" and "Choong Wan" retain the same name in Chinese today. Hong Kong - Capitale dello shopping Hong Kong - attira il maggior numero di turisti rispetto a tutte le altre città al mondo, poiché è la capitale dello shopping dell’Asia nonché la città più costosa della Cina. Hong Kong, capitale mondiale des logements de luxe. [236] Highways, organised with the Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System, connect all major areas of the territory. 1 Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance ─ Schedule 1 Boundaries of the City of Victoria, https://www.elegislation.gov.hk/hk/cap1?xpid=ID_1438402522937_002, "Cap 1 Sched 1 Boundaries of the City of Victoria (Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance)", Volume 22 Inland Revenue Board of Review decisions, CACC186A/1987 The Queen v Currency Brokers (H.K.) With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities[d] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. Evolving from Shanghai-style shidaiqu, it is also influenced by Cantonese opera and Western pop. [277] Local media featured songs by artists such as Sam Hui, Anita Mui, Leslie Cheung, and Alan Tam; during the 1980s, exported films and shows exposed Cantopop to a global audience. [104] 35 are directly elected from geographical constituencies and 35 represent functional constituencies (FC). [6][184] About half the population have some form of British nationality, a legacy of colonial rule; 3.4 million residents have British National (Overseas) status, and 260,000 British citizens live in the territory. Buildings were made of granite and brick. The territory diverged from the mainland due to its long period of colonial administration and a different pace of economic, social, and cultural development. The central government has a print-media presence in the territory through the state-owned Ta Kung Pao and Wen Wei Po. [123] Hong Kong residents are not required to perform military service and current law has no provision for local enlistment, so its defence is composed entirely of non-Hongkongers. Hong Kong averages 1,709 hours of sunshine per year;[162] the highest and lowest recorded temperatures at the Hong Kong Observatory are 36.6 °C (97.9 °F) on 22 August 2017 and 0.0 °C (32.0 °F) on 18 January 1893. Traditional Chinese values emphasising family and education blend with Western ideals, including economic liberty and the rule of law. [191] The universal public healthcare system is funded by general-tax revenue, and treatment is highly subsidised; on average, 95 per cent of healthcare costs are covered by the government. [273] By the 1960s, the city was well known to overseas audiences through films such as The World of Suzie Wong. The predominant language is Cantonese, a variety of Chinese originating in Guangdong. Connections over fibre-optic infrastructure are increasingly prevalent,[255] contributing to the high regional average connection speed of 21.9 Mbit/s (the world's fourth-fastest). [68], Its population rebounded quickly after the war, as skilled Chinese migrants fled from the Chinese Civil War, and more refugees crossed the border when the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949. These were especially prolific during the immediate post-war period, when many were rapidly built to house large numbers of Chinese migrants. [15], In the 1890s, Victoria extended four miles west to east along the coastal strip. [80] This was followed by the 2003 SARS epidemic, during which the territory experienced its most serious economic downturn. [69] Hong Kong became the first of the Four Asian Tiger economies to industrialise during the 1950s. [264], Traditional Chinese family values, including family honour, filial piety, and a preference for sons, are prevalent. Realist evaluation of PPPs in Hong Kong", A List of Licensed Broadcasting Services in Hong Kong, Adaptation of Laws Programme – Guiding Principles and Guideline Glossary of Terms, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Akamai's State of the Internet – Q1 2017 Report, The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, Béthanie – The Academy's Landmark Heritage Campus, Developing a Supplementary Guide to the Chinese Language Curriculum for Non-Chinese Speaking Students, Economic development: Statistical Highlights, The UK's relations with Hong Kong: 30 years after the Joint Declaration, Written evidence from Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Guidelines on the Legislative Council Election, Hong Kong Energy Statistics – 2016 Annual Report, Human Development Indices and Indicators – Statistical Update 2018, The Profitability of the Banking Sector in Hong Kong, List of Political Affiliations of LegCo Members and DC Members, Literacy Rates Continue to Rise from One Generation to the Next, A Century of Railway Development – The Hong Kong Story, Grant to the Hong Kong Shue Yan University for Establishing a General Development Fund, "List of Historical Buildings Declared as Monuments from 1997 to 2006", Registration and Licensing of Vehicles by Class of Vehicles, Follow-ups on the Service Suspension of Tseung Kwan O Line and Part of Kwun Tong Line on 16 December 2013, and Report on Subsequent Major Incidents on East Rail Line and Light Rail, Report of the Task Force on Population Policy, Thematic Report: Household Income Distribution in Hong Kong, Report on Study of Road Traffic Congestion in Hong Kong, Technical Legislative Amendments on Traffic Arrangements for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, Triennial Central Bank Survey: Foreign exchange turnover in April 2016, Usage of Information Technology and the Internet by Hong Kong Residents, 2000 to 2016, Women and Men in Hong Kong Key Statistics, Final Report for Provision of Service for Fine Particulate Matter (PM, "Special Report: The mainland's colonisation of the Hong Kong economy", "Hong Kong ban on pro-independence candidates sparks backlash", "Hong Kong villagers using solar energy to help power their homes – and show its potential as a source of electricity for city", "The case for extending Hong Kong's 2047 deadline", "Too soon to talk about 2047? [188], Among the religious population, the traditional "three teachings" of China, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism, have the most adherents (20 per cent), and are followed by Christianity (12 per cent) and Islam (4 per cent). [91] The Sino-British Joint Declaration provided for economic and administrative continuity through the transfer of sovereignty,[75] resulting in an executive-led governing system largely inherited from the territory's history as a British colony. [44] As hinted by the archaeological works in Sha Ha, Sai Kung, rice cultivation had been introduced since Late Neolithic period. [66] The Imperial Japanese Army attacked Hong Kong on 8 December 1941, the same morning as its attack on Pearl Harbor. The first modern competition was organised in 1976, and overseas teams began competing in the first international race in 1993. [105], Twenty-two political parties had representatives elected to the Legislative Council in the 2016 election. [246] The Central and Western District has an extensive system of escalators and moving pavements, including the Mid-Levels escalator (the world's longest outdoor covered escalator system). [232] Automobiles drive on the left (unlike in mainland China), due to historical influence of the British Empire. [30] The territory's highest point is Tai Mo Shan, 957 metres (3,140 ft) above sea level. "Hong Kong Activists Stare Down 'Great Firewall of China'", Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, "Education in Hong Kong and China: Towards Convergence? Hong Kong , officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of the People's Republic of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. The government was forced to use substantial foreign exchange reserves to maintain the Hong Kong dollar's currency peg during the 1997 Asian financial crisis,[69] and the recovery from this was muted by an H5N1 avian-flu outbreak[79] and a housing surplus. [112] Interpretative and amending power over the Basic Law and jurisdiction over acts of state lie with the central authority, making regional courts ultimately subordinate to the mainland's socialist civil law system. [36] Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is generally believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng. [265] Nuclear families are the most common households, although multi-generational and extended families are not unusual. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between British sailors and local fishermen. Typhoons occur most often then, sometimes resulting in floods or landslides. [18] The University of Hong Kong was established in 1911 as the territory's first institution of higher education. L'osservanza rigorosa delle regole del traffico, l'assenza di segnali sonori, il design colorato delle strade suggeriscono involontariamente: "Hong Kong è la capitale di quale paese? [203] The city's location allowed it to establish a transportation and logistics infrastructure which includes the world's seventh-busiest container port[204] and the busiest airport for international cargo. The University of Hong Kong was founded as the city's first institute of higher education during the early colonial period in 1911. [88] In June 2019, mass protests erupted in response to a proposed extradition amendment bill permitting extradition of fugitives to mainland China. However decisions made by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress override any territorial judicial process. Legal experts split on when Hong Kong should debate its future", "Who goes there? Istwere admisterrece. Much of the elderly population were not formally educated due to war and poverty. Older government buildings tend to show examples of colonial architecture. [74] Diplomatic negotiations with China resulted in the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration, in which the United Kingdom agreed to transfer the colony in 1997 and China would guarantee Hong Kong's economic and political systems for 50 years after the transfer. [10] The name Victoria District Court had been used into the 1980s,[11][12][13][14] when it was moved to the Wanchai Tower and combined with other district courts in the territory. [256] Mobile-phone use is ubiquitous;[257] there are more than 18 million mobile-phone accounts,[258] more than double the territory's population. This was influenced by British-style education, a separate political system, and the territory's rapid development during the late 20th century. The Immigration Department issues passports for permanent residents which differ from those of the mainland or Macau,[116] and the region maintains a regulated border with the rest of the country.